Peru Geographical situation
Peru is situated towards the center of the Pacific Coast, in South America, with the following geographical coordinates:
Time: Peruvian time is located 5 hours after GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) and is similar to the EST (Eastern Standard Time), on the East Coast of the United States.
Referential times: When in Peru it is 12:00 noon, in Santiago (Chile) and Caracas (Venezuela), it is 1:00 p.m., in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Buenos Aires (Argentina), it is 2:00 p.m., in New York (U.S.), 12:00 noon and in Tokyo (Japan), 2:00 a.m. on the following day.
With 1,285,216 km², it is South América’s third largest country, after Brazil and Argentina, and is located among the planet’s 20 largest countries. In addition, it possesses 200 nautical miles of ocean and territorial rights over 60 million hectares in the Antarctic. Due respect to its geography, Peru is divided in three natural regions: The coast, Mountains and Jungle; each one of which, with its own ecosystems.
In Peru, the official languages are Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. However, other dialects are spoken as well, which are circumscribed to native territories, and are generally spoken by the Peruvian Amazon’s ethnic groups. Therefore, Peru is a multicultural, multi-ethnic and multi-lingual country.
Lima is Peru’s capital city. It is occupying the central area of the coast, facing the Pacific Ocean, as well as of the mountains, towards the East. The city is situated at an average altitude of 133 m.a.s.l., with a population of 8,275,823 inhabitants and it is one of South América’s largest and most populated cities.