Peru Geographical situation

Peru is situated towards the center of the Pacific Coast, in South America, with the following geographical coordinates:

0˚ 01´48´´ North, bordering with Columbia and the Department of Loreto, located in the upper part of the first stretch of the Putumayo River, North-east of Gueppi
18˚ 20´ 50.8´´ South, bordering with Chile and the Department of Tacna, located at the Punto de Pascana del Hueso, on the Pacific Coast.
68˚ 39´ 27´´ East, bordering with Bolivia and the Department of Madre de Dios, located at the confluence of the Madre de Dios and Heath rivers.
81˚ 19´ 34.50´´ West, bordering with the Pacific Ocean and Piura, at the Punta de Balcones, South of the Port of Talara (R.C.S.).

Time: Peruvian time is located 5 hours after GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) and is similar to the EST (Eastern Standard Time), on the East Coast of the United States.

Referential times: When in Peru it is 12:00 noon, in Santiago (Chile) and Caracas (Venezuela), it is 1:00 p.m., in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Buenos Aires (Argentina), it is 2:00 p.m., in New York (U.S.), 12:00 noon and in Tokyo (Japan), 2:00 a.m. on the following day.

Mapa Politico del Peru


With 1,285,216 km², it is South América’s third largest country, after Brazil and Argentina, and is located among the planet’s 20 largest countries. In addition, it possesses 200 nautical miles of ocean and territorial rights over 60 million hectares in the Antarctic. Due respect to its geography, Peru is divided in three natural regions: The coast, Mountains and Jungle; each one of which, with its own ecosystems.


To the North, with Ecuador
To the South, with Chile and Bolivia
To the East, with Colombia and Brazil
To the West, with the Pacific Ocean.


General Population : 27´412,157 (2007 INEI Population and Residence Census)
Urban Population : 20´810,288 75.92 %
Rural Population : 6´601,869 24.08 %


In Peru, the official languages are Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. However, other dialects are spoken as well, which are circumscribed to native territories, and are generally spoken by the Peruvian Amazon’s ethnic groups. Therefore, Peru is a multicultural, multi-ethnic and multi-lingual country.

Capital city

Lima is Peru’s capital city. It is occupying the central area of the coast, facing the Pacific Ocean, as well as of the mountains, towards the East. The city is situated at an average altitude of 133 m.a.s.l., with a population of 8,275,823 inhabitants and it is one of South América’s largest and most populated cities.

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